Skip to main content

Publications Jan 2016

Pub icon

Technology at Work v2.0: The Future Is Not What It Used to Be


Technology at Work v2.0: The Future Is Not What It Used to Be, produced by the Oxford Martin School and Citi, provides in-depth analysis of the vulnerabilities of countries and cities to job automation, explores what automation will mean for traditional models of economic growth, and considers how governments can prepare for the potentially disruptive impacts of job automation on society.

It builds on 2013 research by Carl Benedikt Frey and Michael Osborne which found that 47 per cent of US jobs were at risk of automation over the next two decades, and on the first Technology at Work Citi GPS report, published in 2015. 

As well as collaborating on the Citi GPS series of reports, the School has partnered with Citi to create a new programme of research, the Oxford Martin Programme on Technology and Employment, to investigate the implications of a rapidly changing technological landscape for economies and societies.


More information


Carl Benedikt Frey
Michael Osborne

Type: CITI GPS Reports