The Oxford Martin Programme on
The economic, social and political governance challenges for sub-Saharan Africa remain immense. Despite progress in some health and education indicators, Africa needs more inclusive growth, jobs for its fast-growing population, and better social services and infrastructure.
Our work is organized around three themes.
First, we will look in-depth at Ethiopia’s attempts at industrialisation and contrast it with experiences in other countries. Second, we will study the changing political economy of infrastructure and service delivery: how changing and at times maturing politics affect their impact, as in Ghana and Kenya and a number of other contrasting cases. Finally, we study the current political and economic responses to the post-2014 reality for resource-rich economies, such as Angola and Nigeria, and what this will mean for the quest for economic diversification and the lessening of resource dependence in these economies.
The specific research questions we tackle are:
- How will jobs be created at a scale necessary to deal with the youth bulge, and are recent attempts at industrialisation the solution? Can industrialisation succeed in the economic and political contexts that exist in present-day African states?
- How is the volatility in commodity prices being handled, politically, socially and economically, and what does it mean for the long-term trajectory of affected states, given previous failed attempts to diversify resource-rich economies?
- Focusing on infrastructure and social service delivery, is the quality of governance and the basis of political accountability changing? What lessons can be drawn from the experience across various countries?
With this programme, we aim to discover what is holding back job creation and economic transformation, and the delivery of quality social services and infrastructure. We want to understand how better economic, social, and political governance may unlock this, and will focus on specific cases and countries with lessons for the rest of the continent.
On hippos, tigers, pancakes and soufflés: trends and challenges for African governance
Professor Stefan Dercon, Co-Director of the Oxford Martin Programme on African Governance, discusses some of the recent and likely demographic, economics and political trends across Africa, as well as how across countries challenges are being handled.
By no means conclusive, the talk aims to give a flavour of the risks and opportunities for change across the continent, exploring some of the key research and policy questions at stake.
Oxford Martin researchers recognised for outstanding economic and societal impact
The government's Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) has shortlisted two Oxford Martin School researchers for its Celebrating Impact Prize 2023. The prize recognises researchers for 'outstanding economic or societal impact' from their research.
Professor Ricardo Soares de Oliveira awarded Senior Research Fellowship by The British Academy
The Director of the Oxford Martin Programme on African Governance is one of 11 British Academy/Leverhulme Senior Research Fellowship recipients for 2023
African Governance: economic, social and political governance challenges explored in new event series.
The economic, social and political governance challenges for sub-Saharan Africa remain immense. In 2018 40% of the population were living below the US$1.90-a-day poverty line, a situation which will have only become worse due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, the area is expecting to experience a youth bulge, in the face of growing economic uncertainties.
Pandora Papers: Four lessons Africa can draw from the leak
The Pandora Papers, the most ambitious investigative effort to unravel the secrets of the offshore world yet, is an awe-inspiring feat by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ). The numbers are staggering: 11.9 million files from 14 leading offshore services firms, pored over by more than 600 journalists from 150 publications.
Panel discussion: 'Uncovering the offshore world: how researchers investigate shell companies, international wealth managers and transnational informal economies'
Panel discussion: 'Kleptocracy and The Financial Action Task Force'
Panel Discussion 'The age of the strongman: populism and authoritarianism in global politics'
'The state of the African state: Where has it come from and where is it going?' with Dr Nick Westcott
Rhodes Professor of Race Relations
Professor of Economic Policy
Ricardo Soares de Oliveira
Professor of the International Politics of Africa
Professor of Environmental Health risks
Professor of Development Economics
Professor of Development Economics
Professor of International Development
Research and Policy Officer
Associate Professor in Public Management
Departmental Lecturer in African Anthropology
Senior Research Officer
Senior Research Fellow
Associate Professor in Public Policy
Associate Professor in the Social Anthropology of Africa
Professor of Economics and Public Policy