"Hybrid reality: the emerging human-technology co-evolution" by Parag Khanna and Ayesha Khanna

Past Event

23 April 2012, 6:00pm - 7:30pm

Lecture Theatre, Oxford Martin School
34 Broad Street (corner of Holywell and Catte Streets), Oxford, OX1 3BD

Summary: The Information Age is giving way to the Hybrid Age, mankind’s fifth major era of socio-technical relations. What distinguishes the Hybrid Age from previous periods is two-fold: the rapidly merging combinations of technologies with each other, and our increasing integration with technology. Together these trends portend decades of continuous disruption to our lives in the biological, social, economic, political, educational and other domains.

In this lecture, Ayesha & Parag Khanna will discuss the main characteristics of the Hybrid Age, elaborating on the notion of human-technology co-evolution and the framework of geo-technology for interpreting historical change. Particular attention will be given to manifestations such as social robotics, the virtual economy, and smart cities. They will also present numerous scenarios for social, economic and geopolitical disruptions that might occur in the coming decades.


  • Parag Khanna, Director, Hybrid Reality Institute; Senior Research Fellow, New America Foundation; Senior Fellow, European Council on Foreign Relations and Visiting Fellow, LSE IDEAS.
  • Ayesha Khanna, Founder and Director, Hybrid Reality Insititute; Faculty Advisor, Singularity University and directs the Future Cities group at the London School of Economics.

Read an interview by The Economic Times with Ayesha Khanna on the Hybrid-Age