In this symposium, we will discuss the changing attitude towards death and dying in late life, bringing together insights from different disciplines, such as sociology, philosophy, (bio)ethics and thanatology. The question will be raised: what is the impact of the growing emphasis on individual choice regarding death and dying on the way we – as individuals and as a society – live towards the end of life?
Over the last decades, dying is increasingly conceived as a controllable act, approached in a rather individualised way. Fuelled by the fear of ‘disabled life-expectancy’, a disappearing identity and eventually an ‘untimely and undignified death’, a growing group of older adults are determined to exercise choice and control over the place, manner and time of death. In particular, in developed Western countries, important questions for a growing group of older people are: Where, how, with whom and (even) when do I prefer to die?
This new death awareness is reflected in healthcare policies that focus on choice, end-of-life decision-making and advance care planning, resulting in bioethical practices like advance directives, do-not-resuscitate medallions and - in some countries - ‘euthanasia requests’ not only regarding ‘the foreseeable future’ but also ‘in due time’.
From different perspectives, during this hybrid seminar, we will explore underlying societal developments, the impact on people’s personal lives, and the ethical consequences. To what extent can the policies and practices concerned indeed improve end-of-life care and, respectively, good dying? What are important challenges, dilemmas, concerns and needs that should be addressed?
Please note that this event is taking place in-person at the Oxford Martin School and online via Zoom.
To attend online via Zoom: https://us02web.zoom.us/j/8400...
This event is organised by the Oxford Institute of Population Ageing
2:00: Welcome by George Leeson
2:05: Short introduction by Els van Wijngaarden
2:15: Sociological reflections by Allan Kellehear (15-20 min)
2:35: Short Q&A (5 min)
2:40: Philosophical reflections by Ashley Moyse (15-20 min)
3:00: Short Q&A (5 min)
3:05: Ethical reflections by Nancy Berlinger (15-20 min)
3:25: Short Q&A (5 min)
3:30: Plenary discussion about the impact of the growing emphasis on choice
3:50: Wrap up with the speakers
Allan Kellehear is Professor of End of Life Care at the University of Bradford (UK) and Clinical Professor at the University of Vermont (US). He is a medical and public health sociologist with interests in death, dying and end of life care. Most of his work examines behaviour at the end of life in palliative care, intensive care and aged care contexts. He has conducted major sociological and social psychological research on the human experience of dying. In his contribution, he will share several sociological thoughts on death and dying in our late modern society, the challenges it brings, and criticize the discourse of choice and decision in the context of end-of-life.
Ashley Moyse is a McDonald Postdoctoral Fellow in Christian Ethics and Public Life, at the University of Oxford. He is also the Humanities and Healthcare Fellow on the Wellcome Institutional Strategic Support Funded project 'Advancing Medical Professionalism: Integrating Humanities Teaching in the University of Oxford's Medical School' as well as a research associate and sessional lecturer in Christian Ethics for Vancouver School of Theology at the University of British Columbia. He has a particular expertise in bioethics and medical humanities. In his work, he studies the crisis of our late modern age, where persons are enamored by the promises of progress and disciplined to form by the power of technology--the ontology of our age. He criticizes the dominant late modern anthropology that favors the ‘individual self’ that in his view leaves especially older adults at risk for despair. In his contribution, he will provide several philosophical reflections on the role of choice in dying in late life, and argue the orthodoxy of autonomy, the significance of self-determination and of control has not only elevated the risk for persons to succumb to despair, but also may be an important driver to solicit Medical Aid in Dying (MAiD).
Nancy Berlinger is a Research Scholar at The Hastings Center, an independent, leading bioethics research institute based in Garrison, NY. Her research interests include ethical and societal challenges arising from population aging. She has longstanding research interests in decision-making and care in serious illness and near the end of life. She is one of the principal investigators of a current research project on dementia and the ethics of choice. In her contribution, she will reflect on foundational questions associated with the dementia trajectory. In particular questions regarding choosing when to die in a terminal illness context of dementia, as well as on the question how a society can choose to give people with dementia other choices concerning a good life in late life, mindful that most people will not decide to end life.
This mini-symposium is organized by Els van Wijngaarden, an associate professor in Care Ethics at the University of Humanistic Studies in Utrecht (NL) and a James Martin Fellow at the Oxford Institute of Population Ageing. The symposium results from her NWO-research project Memento mori revisited: unravelling the role of choice regarding death and dying in old age in which she is currently investigating changing attitudes towards death and dying in late life, and the increasing emphasis that is put on choice. In a short introduction, she will set the scene of the symposium. Drawing on some preliminary empirical results of her current project, she will map out the complexities of choice and advance care planning in the everydayness of older people’s experiences.