Setting the record straight on the impacts of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD)
The Oxford Martin Programme on
Transboundary Resource Management
Climate change and resource scarcity threaten the well-being of millions of people around the world. In regions where vital natural resources - such as rivers - span political borders, these threats can be exacerbated by political disputes and lack of trust.
For example, environmental stress, climate change and the mismanagement of natural resources are claimed to have worsened the humanitarian crisis in Syria, contributing to regional destabilisation and protracted conflict.
The prevailing approach to meeting water and energy needs focuses on sector-based supply-side solutions, which combine with politically-charged narratives of national self-sufficiency.
This approach ignores both the cross-border nature of many natural resources and their strong interdependence: energy is critical for water supply, water is needed in power generation, and both resources are essential for food production.
This programme will promote practical cross-border co-operation on natural resources in the eastern Nile Basin and the Jordan River Basin. We will analyse the interconnections between water, energy and climate in these regions and produce scenarios of future needs, trajectories for resource governance and infrastructure development.
We will also approach the issue practically by working to support a multi-track and iterative process of exploring potential solutions across each region. This will engage a wide range of stakeholders, including local interest groups, academic institutions, government researchers, and private citizens to discuss and collaborate on regional water and energy policies. This multi-track process will seek to build trust and an understanding of the priorities and concerns of each group sharing the natural resources in question, leading towards a set of politically acceptable regional approaches that address critical resource challenges. Approaches co-created with a wide array of stakeholders will provide potential solutions that governments can consider in formal negotiation processes.
We aim to contribute to resolving transboundary resource conflict in the Middle East and North Africa through practical and inclusive means. If successful, this would provide a new basis to resolve seemingly intractable challenges that threaten the achievement of the SDGs in the region.
News and BlogsView all
Current policies cannot stabilise the Colorado River in face of ongoing megadrought
Filling the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam is unlikely to significantly affect Egypt, but coordinated drought planning is essential
How Natural Resource (Mis-)management in the Nile River Basin May Threaten Stability
Professor Steve Rayner announced as 2020 Paradigm Award winner
Drivers and impacts of Eastern African rainfall variability
Comment on 'Egypt's water budget deficit and suggested mitigation policies for the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam filling scenarios'
Beyond barriers: the fluid roles young people adopt in water conflict and cooperation
Proposal for a roadmap for storing energy in Israel in order to meet the renewable energy targets- Hebrew
Storage for Grid Deferral: The Case of Israel
Thirst revolution: practices of contestation and mobilisation in rural Egypt
The Water-Energy-Food Nexus and COVID-19: Towards a Systematization of Impacts and Responses
Sustainability of the Energy Sector in Jordan: Challenges and Opportunities
In the press
Trailblazing models show green windfall from Israel-Jordan-PA water, energy alliance
In the “Water and Peace” dialogues, does water become a tool for peace?
The Glasgow Conference, COP26 Last Call for the Well-Being of Humanity
Webinar hears of ‘politics of water scarcity’ in region
Africa’s largest dam powers dreams of prosperity in Ethiopia — and fears of hunger in Egypt
Ethiopia denies damming the Nile as conflict looms in Africa
Satellite images show Ethiopia dam reservoir swelling
Towards a Green New Deal in Palestine
Transboundary water relations in post-conflict Syria
Row over Africa's largest dam in danger of escalating, warn scientists
Professor of International Relations
Professor of Climate and Environmental Risks
Oxford Martin Fellow
Research Fellow in International Relations
Oxford Martin Fellow and Program Manager
Chair of the Arava Institute Track II Environmental Forum
Keep in touch
If you found this page useful, sign up to our monthly digest of the latest news and eventsSubscribe